Chapter 2: ZFS Setup¶
Throughout this chapter you will need to be the root user or able to
sudo to become root.
If you have already installed ZFS, this section will walk you through ZFS setup.
Enabling ZFS and setting Up the pool¶
First, enter this command:
This should not return an error, it should simply return to the command prompt when done. If you get an error, stop now and begin troubleshooting. Again, make sure that secure boot is off as that will be the most likely culprit.
Next we need to take a look at the disks on our system, determine what has the OS loaded on it, and what is available to use for the ZFS pool. We will do this with lsblk:
Which should return something like this (your system will be different!):
AME MAJ:MIN RM SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT loop0 7:0 0 32.3M 1 loop /var/lib/snapd/snap/snapd/11588 loop1 7:1 0 55.5M 1 loop /var/lib/snapd/snap/core18/1997 loop2 7:2 0 68.8M 1 loop /var/lib/snapd/snap/lxd/20037 sda 8:0 0 119.2G 0 disk ├─sda1 8:1 0 600M 0 part /boot/efi ├─sda2 8:2 0 1G 0 part /boot ├─sda3 8:3 0 11.9G 0 part [SWAP] ├─sda4 8:4 0 2G 0 part /home └─sda5 8:5 0 103.7G 0 part / sdb 8:16 0 119.2G 0 disk ├─sdb1 8:17 0 119.2G 0 part └─sdb9 8:25 0 8M 0 part sdc 8:32 0 149.1G 0 disk └─sdc1 8:33 0 149.1G 0 part
In this listing, we can see that /dev/sda is in use by the operating system, so we are going to use /dev/sdb for our zpool. Note that if you have multiple free hard drives, you may wish to consider using raidz (a software raid specifically for ZFS).
That falls outside the scope of this document, but should definitely be a consideration for production, as it offers better performance and redundancy. For now, let's create our pool on the single device we have identified:
zpool create storage /dev/sdb
What this says is to create a pool called "storage" that is ZFS on the device /dev/sdb.
Once the pool is created, it's a good idea to reboot the server again at this point.
Author: Steven Spencer
Contributors: Ezequiel Bruni