XFCE Desktop Environment¶
The XFCE desktop environment was created as a fork of the Common Desktop Environment (CDE). Xfce embodies the traditional Unix philosophy of Modularity and Re-usability. XFCE can be installed on almost any version of Linux, including Rocky Linux.
This procedure is designed to get you up and running with Rocky Linux using XFCE.
- A Workstation or Server, preferably with Rocky Linux already installed.
- You should be in the Root environment or type
sudobefore all of the commands you enter.
Install Rocky Linux Minimal¶
When installing Rocky Linux, we used the following sets of packages:
Run System Update¶
First, run the server update command to let the system rebuild the repository cache, so that it could recognize the packages available in that.
We need the unofficial repository for XFCE in the EPEL, to run on Rocky 8.x versions.
Enable this repository by entering:
dnf install epel-release
And answer 'Y' to install the EPEL.
You also need the Powertools and lightdm repositories. Go ahead and enable those now:
dnf config-manager --set-enabled powertools
dnf copr enable stenstorp/lightdm
copr build system creates a repository that is known to work for installing
lightdm, but is not maintained by the Rocky Linux community. Use at your own risk!
Again, you will be presented with a warning message about the repository. Go ahead and answer
Y to the prompt.
Check The Available Environments and Tools in the Group¶
Now that the repositories are enabled, run the following commands to check everything.
First, check your repository listing with:
You should get the following back showing all of the enabled repositories:
appstream Rocky Linux 8 - AppStream baseos Rocky Linux 8 - BaseOS copr:copr.fedorainfracloud.org:stenstorp:lightdm Copr repo for lightdm owned by stenstorp epel Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux 8 - x86_64 epel-modular Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux Modular 8 - x86_64 extras Rocky Linux 8 - Extras powertools Rocky Linux 8 - PowerTools
Next run the following command to check for XFCE:
You should see "Xfce" at the bottom of the listing.
Go ahead and run
dnf update one more time to make sure all of the enabled repositories are read into the system.
To install XFCE, run:
dnf groupinstall "xfce"
Also install lightdm:
dnf install lightdm
We need to disable
gdm, which gets added and enabled during dnf groupinstall "xfce":
systemctl disable gdm
Now we can enable lightdm:
systemctl enable lightdm
We need to tell the system after booting use only the graphical user interface, so for that set the default target system to the GUI interface:
systemctl set-default graphical.target
You should end up with a login prompt in the XFCE GUI, and when you login, you will have all of the XFCE environment.
XFCE is a light environment with simple interface for those who dislike eye-candy and bloat. This Tutorial will be updated with images soon, showing screenshots to give a visual example of the installation.