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Install Neovim

Introduction to Neovim

Neovim is one of the best code editors due to its speed, ease of customization, and configuration.

Neovim is a fork of the Vim editor. It was born in 2014, mainly due to the lack at the time of asynchronous job support in Vim. Written in the Lua language with the goal of modularizing the code to make it more manageable, Neovim was designed with the modern user in mind. As the official website states, "Neovim is built for users who want the best parts of Vim, and more".

The developers of Neovim chose Lua as it was perfect for embedding, using LuaJIT quickly, and with a simple, script-oriented syntax.

From version 0.5 Neovim includes Treesitter (a parser generator tool) and supports Language Server Protocol (LSP). This reduces the number of plugins needed to achieve advanced editing functions. It improves the performance of operations such as code completion and linting.

One of its strengths is its customization. All its configurations are contained in a single file that can be distributed to various installations through version control systems (Git or other) so that they are always synchronized.

Community of developers

Although Vim and Neovim are both open-source projects and hosted on GitHub, there is a significant difference between the modes of development. Neovim has a more open community development, while Vim's development is more tied to the choices of its creator. Neovim's user and developer base is quite small compared to Vim, but it is a continuously growing project.

Key Features

  • Performance: Very fast.
  • Customizable: Wide ecosystem of plugins and themes
  • Syntax highlighting: Integrated with Treesitter and LSP, but requires some configuration

As with Vim, Neovim requires a basic knowledge of its commands and options. You can get an overview of its features through the :Tutor command that invokes a file where you can read, and practice using it. Learning takes longer than a fully graphical IDE, but once you learn the shortcuts to the commands and the included features, you will proceed very smoothly in editing documents.

Nvim Tutor

Neovim Installation

Installation from EPEL

Before moving on to the installation of NvChad, we need to make sure that we have an installation of Neovim available. If it is not already installed, you can install it from the EPEL repository. The EPEL repository provides the minimum version required by NvChad (currently 0.7.2). In case you want to use a newer version, we recommend installation from precompiled package or from source.

To install the Neovim release provided by EPEL, you'll need to install the repository itself if you have not done so already.

dnf install epel-release

Type the following command to install the application:

dnf install neovim

Installation from Precompiled Package

Installation from the precompiled package allows the development versions of Neovim (0.8 and later) to be tested. The two versions (installations) can coexist on the same system since the version from the precompiled package remains confined entirely to the user level.

In order to use all the features of the new version, we still have to satisfy the dependencies required by Neovim, we have to provide our nvim with the dependencies manually. The required packages can be installed with:

dnf install compat-lua-libs libtermkey libtree-sitter libvterm luajit luajit2.1-luv msgpack unibilium xsel

Next, we download the compressed archive for our architecture (linux64) from this address:


The file to be downloaded is nvim-linux64.tar.gz. To verify the integrity of the archive we also need to download the file nvim-linux64.tar.gz.sha256sum. Once downloaded we need to verify its integrity and unpack it somewhere in our home directory. The proposed solution is to unpack it in ~/.local/share/. Assuming we downloaded it in /home/user/downloads/, we will need to run the following commands:

sha256sum -c /home/user/downloads/nvim-linux64.tar.gz.sha256sum
nvim-linux64.tar.gz: OK

tar xvzf /home/user/downloads/nvim-linux64.tar.gz
mv /home/user/downloads/nvim-linux64 ~/.local/share/nvim-linux64

All that remains at this point is to create a symbolic link in ~/.local/bin/ for our nvim.

cd ~/.local/bin/
ln -sf ~/.local/share/nvim-linux64/bin/nvim nvim

Now verify you have the correct version with the nvim -v command, which should now show:

nvim -v
NVIM v0.8.3
Build type: RelWithDebInfo
LuaJIT 2.1.0-beta3

Installation from Source

Installing from precompiled package, as above, provides nvim only for the user who runs it. If you want to make Neovim available to all users of the system, you will have to do an installation from source. Compiling Neovim is not particularly difficult and consists of the following steps.

We first install the packages required for compilation:

dnf install ninja-build libtool autoconf automake cmake gcc gcc-c++ make pkgconfig unzip patch gettext curl git

Once we have installed the necessary packages, we need to create a folder to build neovim from and change into it:

The Neovim clone, by default, is synchronized with the Neovim development branch (at the time of this writing, version 8.0). To compile the stable version, we will have to switch to the corresponding branch before cloning with:

mkdir ~/lab/build
cd ~/lab/build

Now clone the repository:

git clone https://github.com/neovim/neovim

Once the operation is finished, we will have a folder named neovim containing all the necessary files. The next step is to checkout the stable branch, and then configure and compile the sources with the make command.

cd ~/lab/build/neovim/
git checkout stable
make CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=RelWithDebInfo

We chose the RelWithDebInfo type because it provides not only optimizations, but also a useful debugging layer for later customizations. You could have also used the Release type if you want maximum performance.

The process takes care of configuring and compiling the files that are to be put into our system. These files are saved in neovim/build. To install them, we will use the make install command:

make install

Because this command is going to modify the filesystem, it needs to be run as the superuser, either with sudo, or directly by the root user.

Once the installation is finished, we can verify that everything went well by checking the path to Neovim:

whereis nvim
nvim: /usr/local/bin/nvim

And verifying the version:

nvim --version
NVIM v0.8.3
Build type: RelWithDebInfo
LuaJIT 2.1.0-beta3

As you can see from the command excerpt above, an installation of the stable version was performed here. Both versions, stable and development, work perfectly with NvChad on Rocky Linux 9.


In case we need to remove the installation, for example to switch to another version, we will have to take ourselves back to the build folder and use the target cmake provided by Neovim itself. To perform the uninstallation, you need to execute the following command:

cmake --build build/ --target uninstall

This command also requires superuser privileges or to be run as a root user.

Alternatively, you can use the manual method by removing the executable and libraries with:

rm /usr/local/bin/nvim
rm -r /usr/local/share/nvim/

Again, you need to execute these commands with superuser permissions.

Neovim Basic

As you can see from the screenshot, a basic installation of Neovim provides an editor that cannot yet be compared to an IDE.

Neovim Standard

Now that we have our basic editor, it is time to turn it into something more advanced thanks to the configuration provided by NvChad.

Последнее обновление: September 14, 2023

Author: Franco Colussi

Contributors: Steven Spencer, Ganna Zhyrnova